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Justin, "The Shoe Snob"

Monday, June 10, 2013

Bookbinder Leather -- Don't Be Fooled

While living in America and working at Nordstrom (way back when), I remember many of the Italian brands making shoes in what looked like a cross between calfskin and patent. Prada, Gucci and Dolce & Gabbana loved the stuff! And to be honest, as I was young and a bit naive, I remember being quite attracted to these shiny things. They had all of the glitz & the glam and thus looked the part of an expensive Italian shoe. Little did I know at the time, however, that this so called shiny leather was promoting a common misconception of high quality when in reality it meant something very different, a secret that was only really understood by those few 'in the know.' After having moved to Italy and then to England, did I start to wise up to all of these practices that shoe brands often do, in order to keep the costs low but the retail prices high. One of these practices, that I want to share with all of you not yet 'in the know,' is the use of bookbinder leather, also known as corrected grain (among a million other names).

these cracks don't come out and by the looks of the shoe it has only been worn a few times....thus is the downfall of bookbinder leather...

You see, what bookbinder really is, is a coating (much like patent) that is applied onto the shoes at the factory. It is similar (or is in fact) like an acrylic coating that they paint over the actual leather. They then let it dry (just like women polishing their nails) until it hardens and once done, it transforms into this new surface that we all know, that has a bit of extra gloss and in my opinion a very plastic-like look. No matter what quality of leather that you have going underneath the brush of death, it will transform into that smooth surface and make it look all the same....That being, one could theoretically apply the bookbinder treatment over the lowest grade leather, allow it to do its magic and then viola, you have a shoe that can be charged the same as a high grade calf skin, leaving consumers non the wiser. And this is frequently what happens. Now don't get me wrong, if a company is doing the bookbinder treatment just for the sake of a different aesthetic to the shoe, but using the same grade of calfskin underneath, then so be it. But in reality, it does not make sense to cover a high grade calfskin with that stuff as you are simply ruining the calfskin and it is therefore frequently not the case that they are doing so in such a manner.

Bookbinder above vs. calfskin below by Fratelli Rossetti....

Now, just to be fair, allow me to shed some light on the positives that go along with the negatives. In England, you frequently see bookbinder leather and I believe that for one it is due to the fact that the weather can be quite dismal and with that, the rain can come and never seem to leave. The good thing about bookbinder is that it is a coated treatment that is in fact protecting the leather. Water therefore does not really set into it as it would a calfskin shoe as there are no more pores to do so. Another positive in some people's minds is the fact that it has this high gloss effect to it and therefore always remains quite shiny and thus easy to clean as it is not susceptible to stains. Now the problem is that these positives have their downfalls. Because it is a coating that covers the leather that means that it is untreatable in every which way (in terms of maintenance). Once you get those white/black scuff marks on them, there is no cleaning them off or polishing them out. Sure you might be able to use a spirit to do so, but then you also run the risk of stripping off the bookbinder affect and then you have a real problem on your hands. Another problem that is much bigger in my eyes is the fact that due to its plastic-like nature, it creates quite a rigid surface that is then more susceptible to cracking much easier than your average calfskin, not to mention the heavy creasing that it creates too. And once it cracks it is as good as dead as there is no repairing it. And believe me, it always cracks eventually.... (far quicker than a calfskin)

Brand new bookbinder above vs regular calfskin below from 80's by Church's. 30 years difference and look at the creasing between the two....what a lovely model that was below...with a good quality leather!

Now I don't have a problem (even though it is not to my personal liking) with shoemakers that charge between £100-£200 for a pair of their shoes in the bookbinder treatment, but what I do have a problem with is the companies that charge upwards of +£300 for a pair of bookbinder leather shoes. It is simply not justified but is frequently done (particularly by the Italian owned companies and/or designer brands), then labeled as some fancy-smancy leather and sold at an extortionate price. That shoe will then not last more than a few years (assuming regular wear), as the upper will inevitably crack and you will have to go back and buy a new shoe, when it's calfskin leather counterpart that probably cost the same in another brand would have lasted you 3-4 times the amount of time. Therefore be aware of what you are buying. Don't let a salesman or a brand trick you into thinking that the glossy leather is something of mega high quality because it is not. A good calfskin will last you far longer and look much nicer over the long run. Bookbinder is used simply as a way to keep the costs low. It is not a favor done to you, the consumer, so don't be fooled..... And think about why the respectable, high-quality brands don't use it....


  1. Hi Justin,
    thanks for your experience. I really confuse vegentable tanned leather and chrome tanned leather for shoes upper. Can you help me,please?

    1. unfortunately I cannot really help you by description...most uppers are chrome tanned leather as it is far easier to work with, holds it's shape better and is not as easily affected (i.e. stains, water damage etc...). Most lining are Veg. tanned reality it is not something to worry about....a good leather is a good leather, no matter how it was tanned....

  2. Fantastic post, Justin! To add to your last point, a lot of companies in that lower price range also offer a choice in the same model between "polished" (another euphemism for binder) and "calf" i.e. natural, un-coated leather. Some prefer the easy shine, some prefer the supple, dull glow. Barker do this, for instance, with some of their shoes, and the price is the same. I agree with you; it's when you see supposedly "high end" shoes in this category, that you feel a strong sense of injustice.

  3. I really love this article again, it is like you say, that you give information man out there are yearning for. I would avoid this plastic gloss today anyway, but it is still interesting to know more about it.

    Because, how much sadness comes out of the not knowing. I once had a very nice pair of shoes in the 1990s, they where boots in black, oxford stile, and they obviously had Bookmakers on them. It was ok after all, because they cost only 180 DM than, so something like 90 Euros today. They where some discount-made, labelled “Brocker Wall Street” and “Made in Italy”. After one month of wear, the surface started to crack strongly near the toes, and I thought, this was the end. It was not. It came out, that salts had accumulated under the plastic coating. They cracked open the surface like burning wounds. It looked weird. But I loved the shoes so I continued wearing them on odd days and I continued polishing them from time to time. One day, the tortured surface became better. I polished them more often and nicer now. Finally, I had a quite nice surface all over the whole shoe. I wore it a long time. Many people asked me about this shoe and they said, how beautiful it was. The shoe died one day, because the inside was very badly made and I had to put extra insoles into it. These Insoles started to saw on the heel-leather of the shoe, and I never noticed that. One day it opened up the whole shoe at one of the heals, and that was it. I still miss these shoes.

    What is sad about the story is, that you love your shoes. And you put a lot of work and patience into them. And, if they are of a bad upbringing, meaning made badly in a mass-production-factory, this love is put into the shoe but the shoe can try as hard as it wants – it is already on deaths row. It is nativity, as you say, that you buy such shoes in your younger days. And you make your experiences. That’s life, I guess. It is still OK, because I bought these shoes on 5s. October 1996 and had to throw them away 10s. January 2008.
    Yours Giorgio from Germany.

    1. Thanks for sharing Giorgio and glad that you enjoyed the post! Hopefully you have found a nice replacement pair that you can like just as much!

  4. That's actually poly-urethane leather or PU-leather which is a very common type of leather. The Poly-urethane film is applied already in the tannery, not in a shoe factory. The thickness of the film differs a lot and you're allowed to use the leather indication symbol in products if the thickness stays within specified percentages of the leathers thickness in whole. Can't for the love of god remember what the percentage was.

    1. there must be two types then, as I have personally witnessed it being applied in a factory....thanks for sharing though...

  5. Hi Justin,
    This post seems to be a belated, if sound, reply to a query I wrote one year or so ago! Meanwhile, I have gathered that Bookbinder requires more treatment than box calf, and more time to absorb it.

    1. Hey John, sorry I took so long to reply....but that it was in a post though as I would never write this much for response in a comment thread.....Bookbinder doesn't really absorb anything to be honest as the pores in the leather are covered by the artificial application....



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